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Nepal: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2020

Types de catastrophes
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On 3-4 July, heavy rain triggered several landslides across central and western Nepal, resulting in at least 8 fatalities and extensive damage. On 3 July, a landslide occurred in Gulmi District (Province No. 5) killing 2 people and leaving 3 others missing. In addition, 3 people were injured, and 48 families have been displaced after several landslides occurred in Gulmi. On 4 July, a landslide event in Bajhang (Sudurpashchim Pradesh Province), left 6 people dead and one person missing. At least 400 citizens have been displaced. ECHO, 06 July 2020

The monsoon rain in different parts of the country since the last week of June have triggered flooding and landslides in many parts of the country. However, the rainfall became more intense from the night of 8 July 2020. The Nepal Department of Hydrology and Meteorology has predicted that rainfall will be further intensified from 12 to 14 July 2020 with increased water flow and current in rivers resulting in possible landslide and flooding. As of 11 July 2020, 54 people have lost their lives, mostly due to landslide in hilly districts, with at least another 54 missing. On 10 July alone, 23 people lost their lives due to landslides and floods in Myagdi, Lamjung, Kaski, Rukum West, Jajarkot and Gulmi districts. According to the NRCS situation report as of 11 July 2020, 412 families have been displaced in various districts and some 141 houses are fully destroyed. There are crucial needs for tarpaulins and food items in the affected districts. In addition, in case if there is possible inundation in the terai region due to the excessive rainfall, there is a high risk of waterborne disease outbreaks. (IFRC, 12 Jul 2020)

Following widespread floods and landslides triggered by monsoon rain that has been affecting several Districts of the country since the last week of June, the number of casualties and damage is increasing. The worst-hit Districts are Parbat, Lamjung, Gorkha, Kalikot, Syangaja, Gulmi, Bajhang, Darchula, Bajura, Sindhupalchok, Kasi, Myagdi and Jajarkot. According to the last report of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority, as of 12 July, 82 people died, at least 40 are missing and 77 were injured. In addition, 603 families have been displaced, 1,199 affected and approximately 532 houses destroyed or damaged. The Nepal Disaster Risk Reduction Portal reports 74 landslides and 15 flood events over the last week. (ECHO, 13 Jul 2020)

Several provinces in Nepal have experienced flooding and landslides since 9 July as a result of heavy monsoon rains. As of 14 July, 46 people are known to have died with a further 63 people missing and 85 injured. More than 1,500 families are also reported to have been displaced and at least 400 houses have been completely or partially destroyed. Local and provincial governments, and District Disaster Management Committees are involved in search and rescue and are providing relief assistance. The Nepal Red Cross Society are distributing NFIs to displaced people in affected areas. Heavy rain is forecasted for the next two days with warnings for further flooding, especially in Provinces 1 and 2. (OCHA, 14 Jul 2020)

As of 15 July, the Disaster Risk Reduction Authority in Nepal (DRR) reports, 116 fatalities and 50 missing people. At least 138 citizens were injured and about 616 families remain affected. According to initial assessment, around 300 houses were damaged. Several communities remain isolated, as the road infrastructure leading to the disaster sites remains blocked by debris, and relief operations have been affected by bad weather. On 15-16 July, light to moderate rain is forecast over most of Nepal and locally heavy rain is expected over Province 1, Gandaki Province, Karnali Province, and Sudur Pashchim Province. (ECHO, 15 Jul 2020)

As of 16 July, at least 101 people are reported to have died, about 53 people are missing, and at least 96 people have been injured. (OCHA, 17 Jul 2020)

Monsoon rains have resulted in flooding and landslides in several municipalities across the country. Access remains the biggest challenge as many of the remote areas affected by landslides are only accessible with helicopters at present. Another key issue is the depletion of PPE supplies, in particular masks, and the need to ensure minimum availability of protective equipment for ‘frontline workers’. With further rains and flooding possible, the HCT is discussing monsoon preparedness and scaling up coordination via the respective provincial-level focal points. (OCHA, 21 Jul 2020)

Since 27 July, widespread landslides triggered by heavy rain occurred in several Provinces of the country (Provinces No. 1 and No. 5, Sudurpashchim, Gandaki Pradesh, Gandaki, Karnali and Bagmati Pradesh), resulting in casualties and damage. According to the national authorities, 12 people died, 11 were injured, 40 families were affected and 17 houses damaged. For the next 24 hours, heavy rain is expected over most parts of the country, particularly across central and western Provinces. (ECHO, 29 Jul 2020)

The incessant rainfall from 28 July in Kailali district caused inundation which has affected hundreds of households. As of 29 July, 141 people have lost their lives, mostly due to landslide in hilly districts, with at least another 57 missing. According to NRCS’s situation report as of 30 July, 15,307 families (76,535 people) have been affected in various districts and 7,106 families (35,530 people) have been displaced. (IFRC, 31 Jul 2020)

Nineteen people are confirmed to have died following the landslide in Jugal Rural Municipality (Sindhupalchok district, north-east Nepal) on 14 August. According to the Nepal Disaster Risk Reduction Portal, 20 people are missing, 5 are injured and 38 families have been affected. Fifteen landslides have occurred across the country in the last week. Moderate to heavy rain is forecast over the next 24 hours in most parts of the country, particularly central and north-eastern provinces. (ECHO, 17 Aug 2020)

Monsoon rainfall continues to trigger flooding and landslides across the country. 22 people have died and 18 people remain missing following a landslide triggered by heavy rain that struck several mountain villages in northeast Nepal on 14 August. Ongoing search and rescue operations are complicated by continuous rainfall and mudslides in the affected areas. According to the Nepal Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA), floods and landslides have caused 196 deaths and injured 188 people so far in 2020. (OCHA, 19 Aug 2020)

On 19 August, 6 people died following a flood in Achhaam District, 11 are missing and 22 houses have been flooded. According to the Nepal Disaster Risk Reduction Portal, as of 21 August, 249 people have died as a result of Monsoon-induced floods, flash floods, heavy rain and landslides since the beginning of the season. (ECHO, 21 Aug 2020)

Two landslides triggered by the monsoon rains occurred in Kalikot District (Karnali Province, north-western Nepal) between 30-31 August, leading to casualties and damage. According to the Nepal Disaster Risk Reduction Portal, as of 1 September, 11 people have died, two have been injured, six families have been affected and four houses damaged. During this monsoon season, 245 people have died following landslide events. (ECHO, 1 Sep 2020)

At least 14 people died and 41 people have gone missing from a massive landslide and flood that occurred on 3 September in Bhobang of Dhorpatan Municipality-9 in Baglung district. The landslides and flood have washed as many as 40 houses from 3 settlements. The landslides have also washed a health post, buildings of 2 primary schools, 3 micro hydroelectric plants, many drinking water spouts and number of suspension bridges. (ECHO, 4 Sep 2020)

Landslides triggered by heavy rain have killed 11 people and 20 people have gone missing in Ghumthang of Barhabise Municipality in Sindhupalchowk. According to the Red Cross, 210 households have been affected with 71 households displaced by the landslides. Local municipalities along with Red Cross have provided immediate relief items to those displaced. During present year, in Sindhupalchowk district, 48 people have been killed, 29 people have gone missing, 1,400 households have been affected and 940 households have been displaced by landslides. Scientists have warned of increased landslides in the district due to weakened landmass by the 2015 earthquake. Sindhupalchowk district was one of the most affected districts by the 2015 earthquake. (ECHO, 14 Sep 2020)

Widespread landslides triggered by heavy rain occurred in Shyanja District (Gandaki Pradesh Province) and Palpa District (Province No. 5) over the last few days, resulting in casualties and damage. According to the Nepal Disaster Risk Reduction Portal, in Shyanja District, 9 people have died in Waling municipality and one person is missing after a separate event in Kaligandaki Rural Municipality. One person has died and 5 people are missing in Rambha Rural Municipality (Palpa District). Furthermore, 6 houses have been fully damaged across the affected Districts. Since the beginning of the monsoon season, a total of 288 people have died following landslide events. For the next 24 hours, moderate to heavy rain is expected over central and eastern Provinces. (ECHO, 25 Sep 2020)