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India: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2020

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Continuous monsoon rainfall has been affecting several parts of India, leading to an increasing number of fatalities and damage. The Ministry of Home Affairs Disaster Management Division (NDMI), reported 183 fatalities across four States (Assam, Kerala, West Bengal and Karnataka), 10 injuries in Kerala and three missing people in West Bengal. More than 59,000 people have been evacuated to 302 relief camps, approximately 1,400,000 people affected, and more than 9,000 houses damaged or destroyed. The India Meteorological Department issued a red warning for heavy rain, thunderstorms and strong wind in west Maharashtra, Goa, West Bengal and Sikkim States (ECHO, 3 Jul 2020).

Rain and widespread flooding due to the Southwest Monsoon continue to affect most of the States of India. The death toll reached 396 people across 11 States, mainly in central, western, and eastern parts of the country. As per daily report by the National Emergency Response Centre (NDMI), as of 7 July, 90 people were reported dead in West Bengal, 74 in Gujarat, 63 in Assam, 58 in Karnataka, 40 in Maharashtra, 22 in Madhya Pradesh, 20 in Kerala, 12 in Chhattisgarh, 8 in Meghalaya, 7 in Nagaland, and 2 across Punjab. NDMI also reported, 8 people still missing, 43 injured people, more than 37,500 displaced and more than 4,279,500 affected people across the aforementioned States. In addition, over 16,300 houses were reported damaged (ECHO, 9 Jul 2020).

According to ASDMA, as on 12 July, more than 1.2 million people in 23 out of 33 districts have been affected. 21,071 people are currently being hosted in 118 relief camps. Dhemaji and Barpeta are among the worst affected districts. In Arunachal Pradesh, at least 8 people were killed in flooding and landslides, in West Bengal, over 5,000 people were affected and 2,000 houses submerged in Jalpaiguri district. (ECHO, 13 Jul 2020).

The flood situation in Assam continues to deteriorate. According to the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) as of 15 July more than 3.5 million people in 26 districts have been affected. The death toll reported to stand at at least 66,249 people, the relief centres are currently hosting at least 36,320 people. Flood waters have also submerged 127,647 ha of cropland. (ECHO, 16 Jul 2020)

The death toll reached 470 people across nine states. The worst affected State was the West Bengal. [NDMI] reports, as of 20 July, 142 fatalities in Western Bengal, 111 in Assam, 81 in Gujarat, 46 in Maharashtra, 44 in Madhya Pradesh, 25 in Kerala, 19 in Uttarakhand, and 2 across Uttar Pradesh. The same source reported 91,950 displaced people and more than 6,085,400 affected people across the aforementioned states and Bihar. (ECHO, 21 Jul 2020)

In Assam more than 2.4 million people in 24 districts continue to be affected due to incessant rain and floods. 276 relief shelters are currently hosting 44,498 people. 113 deaths recorded since the onset of monsoons until 21 July. In Pithoragarh District (Uttarakhand), a landslide triggered by heavy rain occurred on 21 July resulted in 3 deaths, 6 injured and 11 missing people. In Bihar, heavy rain and surge of water from upstream Nepal have resulted in floods with more than 0.4 million people in 8 districts being affected. Darbhanga is the worst flood-affected district. (ECHO, 22 Jul 2020)

In Assam, more than 2.8 million people in 26 districts have been affected. 286 relief camps are currently hosting 47,213 people. The total death toll has risen to 115. On 22 April, the Union Government of India (GoI) announced approximately EUR 40 million in assistance for Assam, under the Flood Management Program (FMP) scheme. It is also expected to hold talks with Bhutan to solve the recurring flood problem in the lower parts of the state. In Bihar, the number of affected has increased to more than 0.7 million people in 10 districts with Darbhanga continuing to be the worst affected. Most rivers in the 2 states are flowing above danger mark. National and State Disaster Response Force teams have been deployed for undertaking search and rescue operations. (ECHO, 24 Jul 2020)

In Assam, on 26 July more than 2.4 million people in 23 districts remained affected. The death toll has reached 102 in the monsoons so far. Goalpara District is the worst hit with 470,253 people affected. 45,912 people are also taking shelter in 269 relief camps across 17 Districts. The flood situation further deteriorated in Bihar with 1.4 million people affected in 11 Districts. Districts of Darbhanga, East and West Champaran and Muzzaffarpur are the worst hit. 17 teams of the NDRF and 8 SDRF teams are involved in the rescue operations. (ECHO, 27 Jul 2020)

Heavy monsoon rain continues to affect northern parts of India since mid-June. According to the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA), 1.3 million people across 25 of the 33 districts in Assam have been affected. 24 people have been reported dead and more than 27,400 people have been displaced and are staying in over 270 relief camps. Floodwater has inundated over 83,000 ha of crop area. The State Disaster Response Force (SDRF) along with the Indian Army have deployed for rescue operations. Humanitarian partners are currently carrying out rapid needs assessment in the affected areas. According to Caritas India, emergency support will include shelter, safe hygiene and clean drinking water to prevent the spread of water-borne diseases. (OCHA, 29 Jul 2020)

According to the National Emergency Response Centre (NDMI), more than 700 people died. At least 11 million people have been affected (of which 5,6 million in Assam State and 3,5 milion in Bihar) and approximately 352,000 displaced. National authorities and the Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) are providing help for the most affected States, particularly Assam, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. (ECHO, 31 Jul 2020)

Bihar continues to be affected by floods as river overflow from Nepal, inundate more areas. As of 3 August more than 5.6 million people in 14 districts are affected and 13 people have died. And 19 relief camps are hosting more than 17,554 people. In Assam, 388,914 people in 17 districts are currently affected. 38 relief camps are hosting 7,181 people. 136 lives have been lost sincee the onset of the monsoon in 110 flood and 26 landslide-related incidents. (ECHO, 4 Aug 2020)

Rain and widespread flooding resulting from the Southwest Monsoon continue to affect most Indian states. The death toll reached 771 people throughout the country. The most affected States are: West Bengal, Assam, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Jammu and Kashmir, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh. The National Emergency Response Centre (NDMI) reports 568,000 evacuated people, with over 210,000 in 1,007 relief centres and more than 13,357,000 affected across the aforementioned States. The worst affected States are Bihar, with around 482,000 displaced people, and Assam, with approximately 81,700 displaced. (ECHO, 7 Aug 2020)

A massive landslide triggered by the monsoon rainfall occurred in a tea plantation in Idduki District (Kerala State, southern Indi) on 8 August, leading to an increasing number of fatalities. According to the National Emergency Response Centre, at least 43 people died and 27 are still missing. Search and rescue operations activated by the national authorities are ongoing. In Bihar, more than 7.4 million people have been affected by floods in 16 districts, with 23 deaths recorded as of 9 August. 508,174 people have been evacuated and 29,842 people are being hosted in relief camps. Darbhanga, Muzzarfarpur and East Champaran districts are the worst affected. (ECHO, 10 Aug 2020)