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Iran: Floods - Jan 2020

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Types de catastrophes

Heavy rain has been reported across south Iran (particularly the Provinces of Hormozgan, Khuzestan and Bushehr) causing widespread floods. According to media, one person is still missing in Hormozgan Province, at least 300 people have been displaced and 1,000 affected in the Provinces of Khuzestan and Bushehr. (ECHO, 20 Dec 2019)

Since 11 January, heavy rains and river overflowing have led to widespread floods, affecting especially Sistan and Baluchistan (SB), Hormozgan and Kerman. Depth of water reached 8 metres. New waves of rain are expected. In SB, 13 counties are particularly impacted with thousands of people displaced and living in emergency shelters. 500 roads to villages are blocked, 719 villages damaged as well as agricultural land, livestock, schools, health clinics. First estimates report more than 200 000 people directly affected; 100 000 people have their houses at least partially destroyed. Infrastructure and agriculture losses reach USD 100 million. Telecommunications are cut off. In Hormozgan, floods have affected villages and infrastructure, including roads and water facilities. Most pressing humanitarian needs are safe drinking water, food, hygiene aid. First emergency, life-saving relief has been provided by Iranian authorities, the Iranian Red Crescent Society and the Military. There is a raising concern about the risk of communicable waterborne diseases, disruption to schooling and livelihoods. Some humanitarian partners are supporting the response from their stocks. Funds are requested. A needs assessment field mission is ongoing. (ECHO, 21 Jan 2020)

Iranian Red Crescent Society (IRCS) responded to the disaster from the very beginning possible time. In response to the impact of the floods in the province, inhabitants of 6 villages with total population of 245 families were evacuated. 12 injured persons, as well as 7 pregnant women have been transported to the medical centres and 69 persons have been saved and rescued from river flood. Also, 195 houses have been drained water off and 8 vehicles were towed from water flood. (IFRC, 22 Jan 2020)

Heavy rain has been affecting south-west Iran since 24 February, triggering widespread floods across Lorestan and Khuzestan provinces. According to UN OCHA, more than 320 people were displaced, while approximately 24,000 people from Nurabad, Memulan and Poldakhtar cities (Lorestan Province) are affected. About 617 km of roads and 332 bridges have been damaged in Lorestan, leaving more than 58 villages isolated. There is concern regarding the risk of waterborne diseases, disruption to schooling and livelihoods, especially with the ongoing Coronavirus and desert locust outbreaks. The European Commission's Copernicus Emergency Management Service was activated on 25 February, and provided 7 satellite maps of the affected areas. (ECHO, 12 Mar 2020)