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Iran: Floods - Jan 2020

Tipos de desastres

Heavy rain has been reported across south Iran (particularly the Provinces of Hormozgan, Khuzestan and Bushehr) causing widespread floods. According to media, one person is still missing in Hormozgan Province, at least 300 people have been displaced and 1,000 affected in the Provinces of Khuzestan and Bushehr. (ECHO, 20 Dec 2019)

Since 11 January, heavy rains and river overflowing have led to widespread floods, affecting especially Sistan and Baluchistan (SB), Hormozgan and Kerman. Depth of water reached 8 metres. New waves of rain are expected. In SB, 13 counties are particularly impacted with thousands of people displaced and living in emergency shelters. 500 roads to villages are blocked, 719 villages damaged as well as agricultural land, livestock, schools, health clinics. First estimates report more than 200 000 people directly affected; 100 000 people have their houses at least partially destroyed. Infrastructure and agriculture losses reach USD 100 million. Telecommunications are cut off. In Hormozgan, floods have affected villages and infrastructure, including roads and water facilities. Most pressing humanitarian needs are safe drinking water, food, hygiene aid. First emergency, life-saving relief has been provided by Iranian authorities, the Iranian Red Crescent Society and the Military. There is a raising concern about the risk of communicable waterborne diseases, disruption to schooling and livelihoods. Some humanitarian partners are supporting the response from their stocks. Funds are requested. A needs assessment field mission is ongoing. (ECHO, 21 Jan 2020)

Iranian Red Crescent Society (IRCS) responded to the disaster from the very beginning possible time. In response to the impact of the floods in the province, inhabitants of 6 villages with total population of 245 families were evacuated. 12 injured persons, as well as 7 pregnant women have been transported to the medical centres and 69 persons have been saved and rescued from river flood. Also, 195 houses have been drained water off and 8 vehicles were towed from water flood. (IFRC, 22 Jan 2020)

Heavy rain has been affecting south-west Iran since 24 February, triggering widespread floods across Lorestan and Khuzestan provinces. According to UN OCHA, more than 320 people were displaced, while approximately 24,000 people from Nurabad, Memulan and Poldakhtar cities (Lorestan Province) are affected. About 617 km of roads and 332 bridges have been damaged in Lorestan, leaving more than 58 villages isolated. There is concern regarding the risk of waterborne diseases, disruption to schooling and livelihoods, especially with the ongoing Coronavirus and desert locust outbreaks. The European Commission's Copernicus Emergency Management Service was activated on 25 February, and provided 7 satellite maps of the affected areas. (ECHO, 12 Mar 2020)

Floods triggered by heavy rain continue to affect Iran's south porvinces, causing buildings and infrastructure damage, the death toll stands at 4. According to the latest UN OCHA report, since late February, 19 provinces have been affected by floods. Hundreds of people were evacuated in Kerman Province, at least 7,000 others have been affected, and more than 10,000 hectares of farmland were flooded. Across south provinces, around 130 villages remain isolated due to the closure of access roads. In Iranshahr, 11 bridges were destroyed and the road to Bam City is blocked. Drier conditions are forecast over the next 24 hours for South Iran. (ECHO, 01 Apr 2020)

As of 28 April, heavy rains continue to inflict damage to large areas in 18 of 31 provinces. Predictions are for further rains and flooding during the week. In Kerman Province, where large amounts of floodwater have flowed into the northern part of the Province, 600 hectares of garlic and wheat fields, and 2 hectares of citrus orchards were flooded. Traditional livestock, forage storages, and aqueducts and supply pipes to farms have been also severely damaged. In Shahdad town, one of the northern parts that were affected, electricity, telecommunications and water were cut off in seven to 20 villages. The estimated damage to the infrastructure is about $285,000 and that to the agricultural and road sectors are $1 million. In Khorasan Province, heavy rainfalls between 24-25 April caused $500,000 worth of damages to the rural roads, facilities and agricultural products. On 25 April, four people were rescued from a car collision caused by the floods. The western and southern parts Esfahan province have been damaged by rains and floods. By 26 April, more than 60,000 homeowners have applied for rehabilitation of their houses by the local Islamic Revolutionary Housing Foundation. The foundation estimates that 80,000 rural housing units are in need of rehabilitation. In Fars Province, it is estimated that 225 houses need to be rebuilt while 44 houses need to be repaired, according to the local Housing Foundation. The estimated cost of rehabilitation is estimated to be $2.2 million. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2020)

In Qom and Khorasan Razavi provinces, cold temperature, hail and floods damaged the agricultural sector and infrastructure. On 14 May, 10 people were rescued from two cars that were caught in floods in Razavi Khorasan Province. In Ardabil Province, more than 200 mm of snow and rain fell since late March. This increased the water level of rivers and caused flooding in some areas. In Yazd Province, floods damaged agricultural infrastructure such as farm roads, aqueducts and water storage pools. Agricultural lands in Urmia Province have also been damaged by hail and floods. The Iranian Government has allocated $80 million to Golestan Province for the reconstruction of infrastructure that was affected by floods. (OCHA, 19 May 2020)

On 20 May, heavy rainfalls and floods caused damages in wide areas. They also caused damage in agricultural areas and canals, which resulted in power outages. In eastern Gilan Province, heavy rainfalls damaged waterlogging and caused flooding. This hindered the access to the region. In Isfahan Province, the local IRCS teams rescued 52 people after the floods on 20 May. On 25 May, the IRCS dispatched eight relief teams to villages near Khoy city in West Azerbaijan Province to evacuate flood water from 50 residential units. (OCHA, 28 May 2020)