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Philippines: Earthquake - Dec 2019

Tipos de desastres

On 15 December at 2:11 p.m. local time, a 6.9-magnitude earthquake struck Matanao municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Mindanao. This is the fourth quake above magnitude 6 in the last two months to hit this part of Mindanao, all within a radius of 12km ...The October earthquakes partially or totally damaged over 47,600 houses. In Davao del Sur alone 13,200 houses were damaged, out of which 3,200 were destroyed. This number is expected to rise as the assessments of the latest event come in. OCHA analysis indicates there are some 838,000 people living in the area worst affected by all four earthquakes ... Three people have been reported dead and 23 injured, though the number is expected to rise. Authorities struggle conducting search and retrieval operations because of the rains on Sunday night and hundreds of aftershocks that continue to shake the grounds. Padada town, close to the epicenter, already declared the state of calamity. In Hagonoy, at least 660 houses are partially or totally damaged, including a totally damaged hospital. (OCHA, 16 Dec 2019)

As of 17 December, seven died following the 6.8 M earthquake in Davao del Sur Province, Mindanao according to the National Disaster Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC). 48 people are injured, 9,565 are housed in 13 temporary evacuation centres and 9,755 have been affected. At least 55 public buildings, 11 schools and 14 bridges have been damaged. There have been as many as 556 aftershocks, 55 of which were felt by the local population. The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) has issued a severe flood advisory for south-east Mindanao (including Davao del Sur Province), with rain and thunderstorms expected over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 17 Dec 2019)

According to the National Disaster Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 9 people are dead, one person is missing and 111 people are injured. 32,000 people are displaced (14,073 in 24 evacuation centres) and 108,471 affected. 14,000 houses, 128 schools and 14 bridges are damaged. (ECHO, 18 Dec 2019)

Four days after a 6.9-magnitude earthquake struck in Matanao, Davao Del Sur in Mindanao, more than 124,000 people need assistance in Region XI (Davao). Over 33,000 people are displaced, of whom nearly 15,000 people are staying in evacuation centres while over 18,000 people are staying with host families. Numbers are expected to rise as local authorities continue to assess damage and validate the number of those affected. (OCHA, 19 Dec 2019)

As of 22 December, national authorities report 13 people have died, 210 injured and one person is missing. A total of 243,765 people have been affected (35,249 in 52 evacuation centers) in Regions XI and XII. 25,311 houses, 397 schools, 25 health facilities, three roads and 14 bridges were damaged. (Gov't of the Philippines, 22 Dec 2019)

As figures continue to be collated from the quake, it has been reported that more than 378,100 people were affected by the earthquake across 207 barangays. Almost 37,000 people are currently taking temporary shelter in approximately 60 evacuation centers. It is estimated that more than 94,000 people have taken shelter with friends and/or relatives. Over 26,000 houses were damaged in the quake. (Govt. of the Philippines, 23 Dec 2019)

As of 29 December, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) reported a total of 394,355 people were affected by the earthquake incident in 218 barangays in the Regions XI and XII. Over 40,424 people are taking temporary shelter in 102 evacuation centers, and 100,427 people are currently staying with their relatives and/or friends, or in open spaces. More than 37,000 houses were damaged (Govt. of the Philippines, 29 Dec 2019).

The figures begin to slow, and even decline, as the Philippines moves into the new year. It has been found that 397,080 people were affected by the earthquake, across 230 barangays in Regions Xi and XII. Around 39,020 are still taking temporary shelter in almost 90 evacuation centers, while approximately 99,980 are estimated to be staying with friends and/or family. Approximately 47,610 houses suffered damaged from the earthquake, and as such, more than ₱30,722,190 worth of assistance was provided by DSWD to affected families. (Govt. of the Philippines, 13 Jan 2020).

As of 3 February, at least 20,000 locals continue to take shelter in 60 temporary evacuation centers, while an estimated 107,000 have taken shelter with friends and/or relatives. (Govt. of the Philippines, 3 Feb 2020).

As of 4 March, approximately 121,000 people are still displaced, of which 14,629 people are staying in 37 evacuation centers in Regions XI. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) reported a total of 397,080 people were affected by the earthquake incident in 230 barangays in Regions XI and XII. (Govt. of the Philippines, 4 Mar 2020).

Six months after a series of earthquake struck several municipalities, more than 277,000 people remain displaced in North Cotabato and Davao del Sur. According to evacuation centres managers, 47 per cent of these displace people are not able to observe physical distancing inside shelters due lack of space. There are no confirmed cases of COVID-19 in evacuation centres yet, but many displaced people do not report symptoms for fear of being isolated. Food security and livelihoods are heavily affected by movement restrictions as displaced people working as farmers have difficulties transporting and selling their produce on local markets, while labourers and construction workers who rely on public transportation are currently unable to go to work (OCHA, 12 May 2020).

According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC),almost 81,600 families (394,000 individuals) are affected in 218 barangays in Region XI and XII. In total, thirteen 13 were killed and over 200 people were injured by collapsing structures, falling debris, cardiac arrest, and other earthquake-related traumas. As of 01 July, 2,132 families (7,786 individuals) are taking shelter in 24 evacuation centers, while 25,191 families (106,882individuals) families are staying in home-based settings. (UNHCR 17 July 2020)