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Philippines: Earthquakes - Oct 2019

Status
Ongoing
Countries
Philippines
Disaster types
Earthquake

An earthquake of 6.4 M at a depth of 14 km occurred in North Cotabato province (Mindanao island, southern Philippines) on 16 October at 11.37 UTC. The epicentre was approximately 30 km north-west of Koronadal City (Cotabato province), and 7 km east-northeast of Columbio Town (Sultan Kudarat Province). Two aftershocks of magnitude 5.3 M and 4.9 M were recorded, USGS PAGER estimates that up to 121,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and up to 2,150,000 to strong shaking. Media report 4 deaths and more than 60 people injured in Tulunan, North Cotabato, and in Magsaysay and Digos in Davao del Sur. In addition, 29 buildings, including houses, schools and hospitals, have been damaged. (ECHO, 17 Oct 2019)

The number of fatalities has increased to 5 and 89 people are injured. According to the national authorities, as of 18 October, 202 people have been displaced, 3,068 affected and at least 337 houses damaged. 497 aftershocks have been recorded and several landslides were triggered by the main seismic event, causing damage to houses and infrastructure. (ECHO, 18 Oct 2019)

As of 25 October 2019. 5:00 AM, a total of 838 aftershocks were recorded, of which, 447 were plotted and 53 were felt, ranging from magnitude 1.4 to 5.5 and Intensity of | to VII. (Govt. Philippines, 25 Oct 2019)

An earthquake of 6.6 M, at a depth of 15 km, struck Cotabato Province (Mindanao Island) on 29 October at 1.04 UTC, approximately 17 km east of Tulunan (Cotabato Province) and 19 km west-northwest of Bansalan (Davao del Sur Province). Two aftershocks of magnitude 5.8 M and 5.0 M were also recorded. Up to 494,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and 2,379,000 to strong shaking. (ECHO, 29 Oct 2019)

Initial government reports indicated that one person died from falling debris. 66 injured people were admitted to hospital for treatment. (Govt. of the Philippines, 29 Oct 2019)

On 29 October, at 9:04 a.m. Philippine time, a 6.6-magnitude earthquake struck in Tulunan, Cotabato in Mindanao, just two weeks after a 6.3-magnitude earthquake occurred in the same area, causing seven deaths and 215 injured. According to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS), the 6.6 magnitude earthquake was tectonic in origin with a depth of 7 km and was felt in Cotabato and neighboring municipalities and provinces of five regions of Mindanao, including the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (BARMM). Small to strong magnitude earthquakes followed, and the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports of 270 aftershocks. Initial assessments by NDRRMC report Kidapawan, M’lang and Tulunan in North Cotabato, and Digos and Magsaysay in Davao del Sur in the Mindanao are among the hardest hit areas. The earthquake affected over 16,400 people. Some 4,400 people are staying in evacuation centres in Kidapawan, North Cotabato and Digos, Davao del Sur, while nearly 4,900 people are with host families in M’lang, Tulunan. NDRRMC, is reporting five deaths and nearly 400 injured. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2019)

On 31 October at 9:11 a.m. local time another 6.5-magnitude earthquake struck close to Tulunan. Tectonic in origin, the earthquake was felt strongly in North Cotabato, Kidapawan City, Davao del Sur and surrounding municipalities, according to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS). The earthquake on 29 October caused 8 deaths, some due to collapsed walls and falling debris, and nearly 400 have been injured. The number of casualties and damages is expected to rise as the local authorities continue to conduct assessments. Affected communities, displaced in evacuation centres, with host families or camping outdoors in makeshift tents are afraid to go indoors for fear of being injured. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), over 25,600 people are affected (previous report 16,400 people) in 59 barangays in Regions XI and XII, of which almost 12,800 (previous report 4,400 people) are in 19 evacuation centres, while over 6,700 (previous report 4,900 people) are staying with host families. (OCHA, 31 Oct 2019)

On the 16 October 2019, an earthquake struck 6.3 magnitude and 15km deep, approximately 22km southeast of Tulunan town. This earthquake killed seven people and injured 215 people .The earthquake affected 7,303 families (35,481 people), As of 27 October 2019, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reported that 936 families (4,604 people) were still being served in three evacuation centres while 407 families (2,035 people) are served outside the evacuation centres. This second earthquake on the 29 October 2019 caused up to six casualties, injuries due to falling masonry, as well as residents with damaged houses that are now fearful to return indoors. Rains in some of the areas have made their situation worse making it more difficult for people who are staying outside their houses. Five people have been killed, 394 injured and two people remain missing. More than 8,000 people (8,405) have been displaced, of which 4,900 living in outside areas, and 3,505 residing in evacuation centres (IFRC, 1 November 2019.)

As of 2 November 2019, the Philippines Government had provided over ₱6,000,000 worth of assistance to over 145,000 people from 149 barangays in response to the earthquakes around Mindanao. To date, some 20,635 people are currently staying in 27 evacuation centers set up by LGUs. It has been reported that approximately 6,850 persons are with their relatives or friends. The government has recorded over 20,000 totally, and almost 6,400 partially, damaged houses. (Govt. of the Philippines, 2 November 2019)

As of 4 November, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports of 22 deaths and over 420 injured as a result of a series of earthquakes that occurred between 16 and 31 October. Over 21,000 homes are destroyed and 7,200 partially damaged, mostly in the municipalities of Makilala and Tulunan in North Cotabato. More than 870 schools are reported damaged, which are frequently used as evacuation centres and has also hampered education of over 3,4 million of learners. More than 70 health facilities and 80 other public structures are also damaged, as well as over 25 bridges and roads in Region XI and XII. Over 188,000 people are affected in some 240 barangays in Region XI and XII. Some 24,000 people are staying in evacuation centres, while nearly 7,500 are staying with host families. The municipality of Makilala has been hit the hardest, with over 100,000 people affected, most of whom are currently staying in makeshift shelters. (OCHA, 4 Nov 2019)

According to the Philippines National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, as of 6 November, 2 people are still missing and 417 are injured. At least 36,183 people have been displaced and are sheltered in 32 evacuation centres. 231,250 people in total were affected by the events, 3,150 houses, 1,076 schools and 73 health centres have also been damaged. (ECHO, 6 Nov 2019)

As of 7 November, there have been 21 deaths, 417 injured and 2 missing peoples as a result of the series of earthquakes which hit North Cotabato and Davao del Sur provinces. Affected population stands at 254,400 people. National government is leading the response in providing emergency relief to affected population. (OCHA, 07 Nov 2019)

As of 9 November, the death toll has risen to 23, with 535 people injured and 2 still missing as a result of the series of earthquakes which hit North Cotabato and Davao del Sur provinces. More than 264,000 have been affected in total. (OCHA, 9 Nov 2019)

11 November saw makeshift tents in Makilala, North Cotabato evacuation centers destroyed by strong winds and heavy rain, prompting local authorities to relocate families to other temporary shelters. As of 12 November, more than 109,000 people are displaced with half staying in evacuations camps, while others are staying with host families. Over 36,000 houses and nearly 1,400 schools are damaged. It is estimated that many families will be displaced for at least one year, as a result of damages to structures in the area. To date, the Philippines Department of Social Welfare and Development has distributed food and relief items to affected families worth PhP39 million ($765,000). (OCHA, 12 Nov 2019)

As of 14 November, more than 262,000 people affected are in need of assitance. The most severely affected provinces are Davao del Sur and North Cotabato. The earthquakes triggered substantial displacement as a result of destroyed, damaged or unsafe homes. More than 48,000 people are currently staying in evacuation centres, and around 59,000 are staying with host families. The municipality of Makilala in North Cotabato has been hit the hardest, with around 100,000 people affected, of which many are currently staying in makeshift shelters or open grounds. As of 14 November, over 23,000 homes are destroyed and 15,000 partially damaged, mostly in the municipalities of Makilala and Tulunan in North Cotabato. (OCHA, 15 Nov 2019)

As of 18 November, over 324,000 people had been affected by the earthquakes in Tulunan, North Cotobato, and needed assistance. Over 560 injuries had been recorded, as well as 24 deaths. 70 evacuation centers were established to support an IDP population of 45,800. Over 23,300 houses were destroyed as result of the earthquakes, while over 38,700 were significantly damaged. (OCHA, 18 Nov 2019)

An earthquake of 5.9 M at a depth of 13 km hit Bukidnon Province (Mindanao Island) on 18 November at 21:22 local time. The epicentre was approximately 2 km northwest of Kadingilan Municipality in Bukidnon Province, northern Mindanao. This is the fifth strong earthquake that hit Mindanao between October and November. Up to 193,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and up to 585,000 to strong shaking. According to media reports, 4 people have been injured and 80 families evacuated. Several buildings have been damaged and classes were suspended in schools throughout the cities of Cotabato, Maramag, Quezon and Valencia. (ECHO, 18 Nov 2019)