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Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Sep 2019

Status
Ongoing
Countries
Sudan
Disaster types
Epidemic

Sudan's Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) announced on 10 September that four out of the six samples obtained from patients with acute diarrhoea were positive for Vibreo cholera at the National Public Health Laboratory (NPHL)...As of 9 September 2019, a total of 41 suspected cholera cases, with two deaths - case fatality rate (CFR) of 3.57 per cent - were reported from Blue Nile State. With proper treatment, the case fatality rate for cholera should remain below 1 per cent. The first documented case was reported on 2 September 2019 from the Ganis Sharig (East) area in El Roseires town in Blue Nile. Four out of seven localities in Blue Nile reported suspected cholera cases, with the majority of cases reported in El Roseires (36 cases), Damazine (3 cases), Wad Almahi and Geissan with a single case each. (OCHA, 11 Sep 2019)

Between 28 August and 10 September, Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health reported at least 51 cases of acute watery diarrhoea in Blue Nile State, including at least 3 deaths. (WHO, 11 Sep 2019)

As of 17th September 2019, five out of seven localities in Blue Nile state reported 94 suspected cholera cases, with six deaths reported. According to the Ministry of Health, the states that have the highest risks of cholera outbreak are: White Nile, Gedaref, Sennar, Kassala and Khartoum states. Humanitarian partners have provided approximately 146,000 people with improved access to safe water and sanitation in Blue Nile. The Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SHF) is allocating $7.6 million for the cholera and flood response under its Reserve for Emergencies envelope. (OCHA, 18 Sep 2019)

Humanitarian partners developed a cholera readiness and response plan and are seeking US$ 20.3 million for the next three months (October - December 2019). (UNCT, 30 Sep 2019)

Number of suspected cholera cases continues to rise, with 226 cases—including eight deaths— reported in Blue Nile and Sennar states as of 30 September 2019. Federal Ministry of Health has requested Oral Cholera Vaccine (OCV) to target 1.6 million people in high risk areas of Blue Nile and Sennar states. Forecasts estimate up to 13,200 cholera cases in the next 6 months in high risk states of Sudan. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2019)