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Lao PDR: Floods - Aug 2019

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Heavy rainfall affected northern Laos over the last few days causing flash floods and leading to casualties and damage. According to media reports, 500 people have been affected in 3 villages of Baeng District of Oudomxay Province (Nahuay, Huayla and Thakard). 5 houses were damaged and several roads flooded. Over the next 24 hours, moderate to locally heavy rainfall is forecast over northern Laos, with very heavy rainfall over Vientiane Province. (ECHO, 22 Aug 2019)

On 5 September, the center of Tropical Depression Kajiki was estimated to be in the coastal area of Viet Nam; and according to Lao PDR’s Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (DMH), light to moderate with intermittent heavy rains will be experienced over Central and Southern provinces due to the weather disturbance. Currently, flood has been reported in six (6) provinces namely Khmmouan, Savannakhet, Champasack, Saravane, Sekong, and Attapue provinces. Provincial Disaster Prevention and Control Committee has call for emergency meeting and planning for response, especially to deploy rescue boat in collaboration with the army and police for evacuation. According to Lao PDR’s National Disaster Management Organisation (NDMO Lao PDR), emergency relief items has been distributed to the affected population. (AHA Centre, 5 Sep 2019)

As of 8 September, flood waters have not yet receded in several affected areas. Moreover, rainfall forecast shows certainty that rain will continue in the affected areas for the next few days. The AHA Centre is currently acting on the request for assistance from Lao PDR in support of the emergency response and relief operations. The ASEAN-Emergency Response and Assessment Team (ASEAN-ERAT) has also been activated for possible deployment. The AHA Centre Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) alert level is now raised to Orange (Response Preparation). (AHA Centre, 8 Sep 2019)

As of 9 September, ongoing flooding in southern Laos across the 6 provinces of Khamoun, Savanhkhet, Attapeu, Salawan, Chamapasak Sekong has affected 59,613 families (or 105,767 people) with 33,407 families displaced in 20 evacuation centres. 4 deaths have been reported and 2 people are missing. 78 schools and 2 health centres have been damaged along with 6 bridges and 26 irrigation canals. (ECHO, 9 Sep 2019)

Floods caused by the passage of Tropical Cyclone PODUL and Tropical Depression KAJIKI have resulted in 14 fatalities and 1 missing person across Laos, as of 10 September. The most affected areas are the southern Provinces of Attapeu, Champasak, Khammouan, Saravan, Savannakhet, and Sekong. Over 1 million people are affected (approximately 150,000 families) and 102,000 have been displaced. From the preliminary assessment, approximately 1,000 sq/km is flooded in southern Laos, while 313 schools and 15 hospitals have been affected by flood waters. Various humanitarian partners are supporting national authorities with response operations, including assistance provided to the affected population. Continued heavy rainfall is forecast in northern Laos and in the already affected provinces over 11-12 September. (ECHO, 11 Sep 2019)

As of 13 September, the National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) states that 1,658 villages across 47 Districts have been affected. An estimated 140,029 households are affected (total people affected 309,176) with 21,563 households displaced in 20 evacuation centres. A total of 18 deaths have been reported. At this stage information from each province is limited to NDMO reports and unable to be verified for accuracy. (IFRC, 13 Sep 2019)

As of 16 September, at least 40,000 people have been displaced in Lao, where the Government is undertaking a National Joint Needs Assessment in the flood-affected provinces of Champasak, Saravan, Sekong, Savannakhet, Attapeu, and Khammouan, with support from support from ASEAN and the Red Cross. (OCHA, 16 Sep 2019)

As of 23 September, more than 580,000 people in Laos are reported to have been affected by the flooding caused by tropical depressions Podul and Kajiki, with at least 28 killed and an estimated 100,000 displaced. The flood waters are reportedly slowly receding. (OCHA, 23 Sep 2019)

As of 14 October, at least 765,000 people have been affected and 19 killed by Tropical Storm Podul and Tropical Depression Kajiki in Laos. As many as 97 bridges, 747 schools, 43 health centres and hospitals, 462 road places, 275,114 livestocks and poultry were affected by the floods. Total damage is estimated to cost US$164 million (1.45 trillion Laotian Kip). (AHA Centre, 14 Oct 2019)