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India: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2019

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On 10 June 2019, Tropical Cyclone VAYU formed over the eastern Arabian Sea (Indian Ocean) and started moving north. On 11 June at 0.00 UTC, its centre was located approximately 310 km west of Malvan (Maharashtra State, western India) with maximum sustained winds of 93 km/h (ECHO, 11 Jun 2019). In anticipation for the tropical cyclone, Indian National Disaster Response Forces (NDRF) evacuated over 270,000 people from coastal areas in Gujarat on 12 June (OCHA, 17 Jun 2019). On 17 June, the Depression...was weaken into a well marked low pressure area. (Govt. of India, 17 Jun 2019)

Over 700 people have been moved to relief camps in the state of Assam...after flooding caused by the overflowing Brahmaputra, Barak and Jia Bhoreli rivers. According to the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA), as of 26 June, 2019, flooding has affected around 5,000 people in 12 villages of Chirang and Jorhat districts. Around 550 people had moved from their homes to stay in relief centres set up in Bijni, Chirang district, and a further 183 were staying in camps in Jorhat West, Jorhat district. (Floodlist, 28 Jun 2019)

Media report 21 fatalities and more than 60 injured in Mumbai, 21 dead in Pune and 10 more across Maharashtra State. Heavy rainfall caused the breach of the Tiware Dam (Chiplun Municipality, Ratnagiri District), triggering floods that resulted in 18 deaths. (ECHO, 5 Jul 2019)

Heavy rain and floods have been affecting eight districts of the Assam State...According to [ASDMA], as of 9 July, at least 62,000 people have been affected and 145 villages flooded...Local authorities have deployed four distribution camps in Golaghat District and one relief camp in Jorhat District where 200 people have been sheltered. (ECHO, 10 Jul 2019)

According to ASDMA, as of 10 July, three people have died, two due to floods in the Districts of Golaghat and Dhemaji and one in Kamrup District after a landslide. At least 200,000 people have been affected and 530 villages flooded. The authorities have deployed three relief camps (two in Titabar and one in Jorhat) with 249 people sheltered, and ten relief distribution centres are in operation. (ECHO, 11 Jul 2019)

The number of flood-affected people in Assam State significantly increased to 423,386 during the past 24 hours. According to the daily flood report of [ASDMA], the second wave of flooding has so far affected 749 villages in 17 districts of the State

Six people have died due the floods in Assam and two in Mizoram State. In Assam, monsoon flood has inundated at least 21 of the 27 districts affecting over 800,000 people...Officials said over 27,000 hectares of farmland are under floodwater and over 7,000 people have been evacuated to 68 relief camps across the state. (ECHO, 13 Jul 2019)

A red alert was issued in Assam on 15 July as 4,300,000 people across 30 of the state's 33 districts are affected by floods. 15 have died and 80,000 are shetering in 494 camps. Another 24 have died from flooding in Bihar and up to 2.5 million people have been affected. 1,000 families were evacuated in Mizoram after the Khawthlangtuipui river flooded 32 villages in Lunglei district and five were killed. Two more deaths were reported in Tripura and 18,000 people are sheltering in 61 camps. . (ECHO, 16 Jul 2019)

As of 17 July, 33 are reported dead in Bihar State, 17 in Assam State and 14 in Utar Pradesh. Over 25,000 people have been affected in nine flood-affected districts in Bihar and more than 140,000 people are sheltering across 695 camps in Assam. (ECHO, 17 Jul 2019)

As of 18 July, the number dead in Assam has increased from 17 to 30, 33 have died in Bihar, 14 in Uttar Pradesh and 2 in Tripura. 14 people died when a building collapsed after heavy rainfall in Mumbai. (ECHO, 18 Jul 2019)

As of 22 July, floods in Assam and Bihar have claimed 116 lives and are affecting 11 million people, 3,837,000 in Assam and 7,278,000 in Bihar. Large-scale relief operations are underway in flood-hit areas of lower Assam. Over 130,000 displaced are sheltering in 689 relief camps and 240 relief distribution centres set up by district administrations. The flood level is receding in both states and health authorities are concerned that there is the risk of a vector-borne disease outbreak, like dengue and Encephalitis. The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has issued a red alert in northern Kerala for Idukki, Kozhikode, Wayanad, Kannur and Kasargod Districts

As of 23 July, 102 people died in Bihar, 66 in Assam, 20 in Kerala and 5 in Tripura. In addition, media report 46 deaths in Uttar Pradesh, of which 32 due to lightning on 21 July. National authorities provided approximately 1,500 relief camps and deployed 123 teams of the [NDRF] to help the affected people. (ECHO, 24 Jul 2019)

As of 25 July, tens of thousands have been displaced in the state of Assam. 147,000 people are seeking temporary shelters at camps set up by the Government of India. The flooding and landslides caused by Brahmaputra River bursting its riverbanks has affected 4.6 million people in the state. Twelve districts in Bihar are badly affected by floods. A total of 2,000,000 people have been affected, and 1,100,000 people displaced by the flood waters in 55 blocks in nine out of the 12 affected districts (Sheohar, Sitamarhi, East Champaran, Madhubani, Araria, Kishanganj, Supaul, Darbhanga and Muzaffarpur). (IFRC, 25 Jul 2019)

As of 31 July, national authorities report 166 fatalities in Maharashtra, 127 in Bihar, 89 in Assam, 26 in Kerala, and 13 in Rajasthan following ongoing Monsoon flooding. More than 1.2 million people have been affected in Assam and Bihar and at least 651,000 people displaced in 1,552 relief camps. Approximately 33,800 houses have been reportedly destroyed in Assam, Kerala and Rajasthan. National authorities deployed 50 [NDRF] teams to assist those affected. (ECHO, 31 Jul 2019)

As of 2 August, national authorities report 5 fatalities in Vadodara City (Gujarat State), and over 5,700 evacuated. Most parts of Vadodara remain inundated and many houses have been damaged, as Vishwamitri river breached its banks and flooded the area. Several crocodiles from Vishwamitri river have ventured in waterlogged residential areas of Vadodara City. Heavy to very heavy rainfall and strong winds will continue to affect Gujarat State on 2-3 August. (ECHO, 02 Aug 2019)

Additional intense monsoon rains since 2 August have resulted in flooding across Maharashtra state, killing 4 and leading to the evacuation of hundreds. All major rivers are at danger level. Flooding has been reported in Pune, Nashik, Thane and Plaghar and Mumbai. Heavy to very heavy rains are predicted until 9 August. The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is leading the response. (ECHO, 05 Aug 2019)

Ongoing Monsoon flooding has brought the death toll to 182 in Maharashtra State, 130 in Bihar, 93 in Assam, 53 in Gujarat, 34 in Karnataka, 26 in Kerala, and 13 in Rajasthan. More than 655,000 people are displaced across 1,402 relief camps in Assam, Bihar, Karnataka and Kerala States. According to initial assessments, approximately 36,000 houses have been destroyed in the affected states. National authorities deployed 147 National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) teams to the affected areas. Flood alerts have been issued for several districts in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Kerala States and Dadra Nagar Haveli, Daman Territories. (ECHO, 06 Aug 2019)

Incessant rains have affected different parts of Maharashtra. According to media reports 132,360 people (28,397) families have been shifted to safer places from all five districts of Pune Division - Solapur, Sangli, Satara, Kolhapur and Pune in western Maharashtra. The districts of Sangli and Kolhapur are the worst affected with over 53,000 and 51,000 people were evacuated respectively from the two districts. Media also reports of 16 deaths have been reported in rain and flood related incidents from the affected areas over the last seven days. Several teams of the army, navy, air force and the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) are conducting rescue operations in both the districts. (ECHO, 08 Aug 2019)

Incessant rains coupled with the strong wind in Kerala, Karnataka and Maharashtra led to 76 deaths and millions affected in the last three days. Localised flooding also reported from Andra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh. In Kerala, 40 people are feared trapped under debris after a major landslide occurred in Malappuram district. A red alert for heavy rain and landslides has been issued by the state authority in nine of the 14 districts in the state. (ECHO, 10 Aug 2019)

Widespread Monsoon flooding in southern and western states has left 85 dead in Kerala, 48 in Karnataka, 43 in Maharashtra, and 31 in Gujarat. Over 1.2 million people are displaced across 2,093 relief camps in Kerala, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Reduced rainfall has led to some improvement to the situation. River levels are expected to rise in Odisha State, the River Krishna and its tributaries have reached severe levels. Most dam reservoirs are full in Maharashtra State. Heavy rain is forecast in central-eastern states over the next 24 hours and widespread rain is expected in Kerala over the next 48 hours. (ECHO, 13 Aug 2019)

The ongoing monsoon in India has lead to 32 fatalities (13 in West Bengal, 11 in Kerala, 4 in Odisha, 4 in Maharashtra) between 12-15 August, according to national authorities. On 12-13 August, more than 265,000 people were evacuated to 7,657 evacuation camps spread across various states. 3,500 houses have been damaged by flood waters. River levels are severe in four sites, while several dams in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu States are full and authorities have ordered the precautionary release of excess flow. (ECHO, 16 Aug 2019)

Torrential rains in Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand have triggered flash floods. Delhi and Punjab states are also on flood alert. According to media reports, at least 23 people have been killed in Himachal Pradesh, while 3 died and 22 are missing following a cloudburst in Uttarakhand, 3 more reportedly died in Punjab. Over 670 roads, including 13 national highways are blocked across Himachal Pradesh, which received 1,065% higher than normal ‘single day rainfall’ on 18 August. Uttarakhand recorded a surplus of 159% in 24 hours. Water, electricity and communication facilities have been affected. The National Disaster Relief Force (NDRF) and Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) are conducting search and rescue operations. (ECHO, 19 Aug 2019)

According to the latest report of the National Emergency Response Centre (NDMI), the death toll following Monsoon flooding has reached 1,058 across 9 States. 245 people have died in Maharashtra, 155 in Kerala, 154 in West Bengal, 130 in Bihar, 107 in Gujarat, 94 in Assam, 94 in Karnataka, 69 in Madhya Pradesh, and 10 in Odisha. The number of displaced, according to the same source, has reached more than 1,830,000 people. (ECHO, 20 Aug 2019)

There are six states reported to be affected by flood so far - Gujarat, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. At least 251 people have died and over 20 people are missing in northern Indian states of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Maharashtra, with several thousands evacuated. Dozens of homes in Uttarakhand's Uttarkashi district were washed away after a cloudburst. Schools have been shut after the India Meteorological Department predicted heavy rain in parts of Uttarakhand. (IFRC, 21 Aug 2019)

Monsoon rains and widespread flooding continue to affect 11 Indian States. According to the latest official report of the National Emergency Response Centre (NDMI) there have been 1,149 fatalities, 248 in Maharashtra, 170 in Kerala, 155 in West Bengal, 130 in Bihar, 107 in Gujarat, 94 in Assam, 102 in Karnataka, 78 in Madhya Pradesh, 50 in Rajasthan, 10 in Odisha, and 5 in Punjab. More than 1,875,000 people have been displaced. Over the next 24 hours, heavy to locally very heavy rain is forecast for southern states, and heavy rain for central and eastern states, alongside thunderstorms in Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha. (ECHO, 21 Aug 2019)