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Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2019

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The Monsoon Season in Bangladesh officially started on 17 June. However, monsoon-related incidents have been recorded in the Rohingya refugee camps since April. During the reporting period, from 14 to 20 June, some 290 refugees in total were affected by landslides/erosions, wind, storm, rain and fires. The most commonly reported events were wind, rain and storms, affecting over 180 Rohingya refugees.(ISCG, 20 Jun 2019)

During the reporting period, from 20 to 27 June 2019, some 182 refugees were affected by monsoon-related events. The heaviest monsoon impact this week was recorded on the 21st of June, with windstorms and landslides affecting almost 100 people...Cumulatively, since 21st April, at least 22,000 refugees have been affected by landslides/erosions, wind, storm and rain. (ISCG, 27 Jun 2019)

Three days of continuous rain in Bangladesh have destroyed 273 shelters and injured 11 people in the Cox’s Bazar settlements where more than 900,000 Rohingya refugees live. An estimated 350mm of rain fell in 72 hours from Monday and more heavy downpours are expected throughout next week, with four months of the monsoon season to go. According to preliminary reports, there have been 26 landslides. (UNHCR, 5 Jul 2019)

From 1 to 7 July, 136 natural disaster related incidents were reported affecting nearly 18,000 people in the Cox’s Bazar refugee camps as a result of the monsoon. 3,230 people were displaced, 16 injured and 2 were killed, including one child. The incidents also caused damage to infrastructure within the camps, with nearly 3,800 shelters and facilities reported to have been damaged or destroyed. The humanitarian community have responded to these needs either from resources available in the camp, or for 10 incidents, through sectoral/emergency programmes. Since the beginning of the rainy season in late April, nearly 38,500 people have been affected, 4,500 displaced, 61 people injured, and eight killed. (OCHA, 8 Jul 2019)

According to the [ISCG] daily incident report, 5 landslide, 10 storm and 1 flooding incidents were reported on 11 July, affecting 1,232 people in the camps including 195 individuals temporarily displaced, and 39 shelter and 22 WASH facilities were damaged. Since 2 July, a total of 46,685 people have been affected, and 5,835 displaced within refugee camps in Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas of Cox’s Bazar. Two deaths have been reported. (ECHO, 12 Jul 2019)

As of 16 July 2019, 21 low-lying districts in Bangladesh are flooded and 3 districts are affected by river bank erosion. Over 20 million people have been affected and 30 people have died since 13 July 2019. People have been marooned in their homes, schools have been closed and, in some cases, eroded to rivers, crops have been damaged, and livelihoods disrupted. Over 20 river stations are flowing over the warning level. Forecasts show that the situation may deteriorate in the northern most districts whilst improving in the north-western districts. (CARE, 16 Jul 2019)

Continuous monsoon rains have impacted several districts in the north, north-east and south-east of the country, resulting in flooding and landslides. As of 19 July, 37 people are dead. According to Bangladesh Red Crescent Society, more than 4.7 million people have been affected and at least 135,600 houses have been damaged. On 16 July, the Jamuna river broke its banks, inundating at least 40 villages and displacing more than 200,000 people. Several rivers have reached dangerous levels in 23 points across the country. Rescue and aid operations have been hampered by road and communication interruptions caused by floods and landslides. Shortages of food and drinking water have resulted in an outbreak of water-borne diseases in several areas. (ECHO, 19 Jul 2019)

As of 21 July, about 4 million people have been affected by flood and landslides, 36 people reportedly killed, and more than 187,000 people displaced, according to the Government. Schools in most affected areas are being used as shelters. Response is ongoing and the government authorities have distributed relief items. About 2,000 emergency health support teams are operational in 20 districts. Forecasts suggest that another round of heavy rainfall could result in additional flooding and landslides in Bangladesh and surrounding areas from late July into early August. (OCHA, 22 Jul 2019)

Monsoon rains continue to affect most of the country (particularly northern, north-eastern and south-eastern Divisions). The most affected Districts are Kurigram, Jamalpur, Gaibandha, Sirajganj, Sunamganj, Bogura and Bandarban. The UN Resident Coordinator for Bangladesh reports 71 fatalities across 21 Districts, more than 287,000 people displaced and around 4 million people affected. In addition, the same source reports more than 27,000 houses destroyed and approximately 419,000 houses damaged. (ECHO, 25 Jul 2019)

As of 30 July, the number of fatalities caused by heavy monsoon rainfall has reached 119. According to the UN assessment, 7.3 million people have been directly affected by monsoon floods throughout the country, and an estimated 308,000 people have been displaced. 85% of the overall displacement has occurred in the nine most affected districts Jamalpur, Kurigram, Gaibandha, Sylhet, Sirajganj, Tangail, Sunamganj, Bogra, Bandarban. Approximately 584,000 houses are damaged or destroyed, while flooding has damaged transport infrastructure, including 6,641 kilometres of road and 1,275 bridges. There is a high risk of water-related diseases and infections. (ECHO, 30 Jul 2019)

As of 5 August, 7.6 million persons in 28 districts are affected by the monsoon floods. More than half a million houses were damaged or destroyed and 300,000 persons were displaced. Nine districts are severely impacted: Bogra, Gaibandha, Jamalpur, Kurigram, Sirajganj, Sunamganj, Sylhet, Tangail and, Bandarban. The latter faced landslides and flashfloods. The number of deaths remain at 119. (Office of the Resident Coordinator, 05 Aug 2019)

Monsoon rains have continued to cause damages and to displace people across 28 districts in Bangladesh, including damages to 6,641 kilometers of roads, 1,275 bridges and culverts, and 1,515 kilometers of embankments. Over 260,000 people been displaced, with most housed in makeshift shelters or on embankments. While some people have started to return in areas where waters have receded, riverbank erosion has permanently destroyed homes and settlements in other areas. (OCHA, 13 Aug 2019)

In Cox’s Bazar, heavy Monsoon rains in the last 24 hours caused several localised landslides and flooding in Rohingya refugee camps and host communities. Among host communities, 3 children died and 18 others were injured as a result of landslides and drowning. Among the Rohingya refugee population, 22 incidents were reported that resulted in the displacement of 2 264 people and injuring 72. 354 shelters, 88 latrines and 4 water points were also damaged. More heavy rain and thunderstorms are forecast in the region over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 11 Sep 2019)

From September 6 to 12, heavy monsoon rains have affected over 28,000 refugees in Cox's Bazaar. Of these, 19,108 refugees have been affected by 16 floods and over two thousand refugees have been affected by 46 slope failures. (ISCG, 12 Sep 2019) Over 1,800 households were reported as having damaged shelters and over 10,000 people have been displaced within the camps, with the Teknaf Upazila camps of Leda and Nayapara being primarily affected. Response is ongoing through the Inter Sector Coordination Group (ISCG) and the Government of Bangladesh. (OCHA, 16 Sep 2019).

From the period of 20 September to 10 October, 1,920 refugees were affected by the monsoon in Cox's Bazar. In that same period, 208 refugees were displaced due to the monsoon. (ISCG, 10 Oct 2019)

Tropical Cyclone Bulbul's passage on 9-10 November saw 12 fatalities in Bangladesh. According to DG ECHO and UN OCHA, almost 30 people are missing in the aftermath of the storm, while more than two million have been evacuated to temporary shelters. (ECHO, 12 Nov 2019)