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Iraq: Floods - Mar 2019

Disaster types

Heavy storms continually recurred throughout the country during the period from 24-March to 2-April when severe weather finally eased. The effects of the storms were recorded in multiple governorates, including Anbar, Basra, Dahuk, Diyala, Kirkuk, Missan, Muthanna, Ninewa, Salah al-Din, Sulaymaniyah, and Wassit; however, the harshest impacts appeared to be in central and northern governorates, primarily regions through which the Tigris River runs, and those areas adjacent to Iran...While flooding in Mosul (Ninewa governorate), caused the closure of five main bridges (Alnasr, Alhurriyya, Qanatir, Suwais and Qayyarah), municipal authorities gave assurances on 2-April that Mosul Dam—Iraq’s largest, which supplies hydroelectric power to Mosul city—was functioning normally. Other dams throughout Iraq, particularly in Diyala governorate, were operating at or near capacity; however, provincial leadership expressed confidence that standard discharge and overflow functions would suffice to meet any surplus. No fatalities have been recorded due to the recent period of severe weather in Iraq

The Iraqi Red Crescent Society (IRCS) has announced the displacement of more than (270) families from their homes due to the floods that swept through the villages of (Baiji, Ashtayh, Srin, Arbazia) belonging to the districts of Salah governorate. The IRCS has reported in a statement that its teams have rushed to provide assistance and supplies to families which their houses have been swept by torrents, the continuing heavy rain led to the displacement of (154) families from the Karamat area and east of the village of Baaiji to their families and relatives in the village of Mazra’a and the modern neighborhood, the floods caused the sinking of most of their farms, which are estimated at 30 dunums, also 60 houses besieged by water, 75 families have been displaced from the village of Arbazia to their relatives, In addition, 49 families have also been displaced from Al Sreen village to the mountain area, also five families from Al-Ashitah village were displaced due to floods that surrounded their homes. (IRCS, 7 Apr 2019)

About 328 726 populations are at risk. Cities and villages affected are: Ali al-Gharbi, al-Msharrah, Hay al-Mua’alemeen al-Jadeed, al-Salam, al-Faka, al-Btaira, al-Teeb, al-Adil, al-Maymouna, al-Uzair and al-Kahlaa. Areas seriously threatened are villages west of the Tigris River (Hor Al-Musandak) along Ali al-Gharbi, Ali al-Sharqi and Qamit. 545 families are displaced with another 2000 families threatened with displacement. (WHO, 8 Apr 2019)

Recent flooding along the Tigris River has resulted in the displacement of 545 families in Maysan Governorate, with a further 2 000 families at risk following reported damage to a small number of IDP camps.. [IRCS] reports that heavy rain caused damage to more than 60 families after the villages of Huweder, Dawai, and Shafta (Diyala Governorate) were flooded. Food parcels have been distributed to at least 270 families affected in Salah al-Din Governorate. For the next five days, moderate to heavy rainfall is forecast over the south-eastern governorates of Iraq. (ECHO, 9 Apr 2019)

Elevated water levels in the Tigris River and its tributaries continue to cause flooding and displacement in several governorates. Salah al-Din in central Iraq and Missan in the south are currently those reporting the heaviest impact, with more limited effects reported in Basra, Diyala, Thi-Qar and Wassit. The Government of Iraq and Kurdistan Regional Government continue to act as first responders; however official requests for additional assistance have been received from Missan and Salah al-Din provinces. Due to flooding, multiple water treatment plants are offline throughout the country; a lack of access to clean water for drinking, bathing and other household use is an evolving problem in some governorates. Relevant UN agencies undertook an assessment mission to Basra after emerging reports of intensifying flooding in the south of the country. Response efforts in the south are constrained by a small UN presence, lack of humanitarian partners, and shortage of pre-positioned relief supplies. (OCHA, 18 Apr 2019)