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Typhoon Mangkhut - Sep 2018

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Types de catastrophes
Cyclone tropical

Tropical Cyclone Twenty Six formed over the North West Pacific Ocean north of Kwajalein (Marshall Islands) on 7 September and started moving north-west toward Guam. (ECHO, 7 Sep 2018) On 9 September at 00.00 UTC, its centre was located at 930 km east of the Northern Mariana Islands and at 1090 km northern-east of Guam, with a maximum sustained wind speed of 120 km/h (Category 1) (ECHO, 9 Sep 2018).

[FEMA] announced that federal emergency aid has been made available to the Northern Mariana Islands to supplement the Commonwealth and local response efforts due to the emergency conditions in the area affected by...Typhoon Mangkhut, from 10 September onward. (FEMA, 10 Sep 2018) Typhoon Mangkhut is the strongest storm to hit the Northern Marianas island of Rota since 2002 (Radio New Zealand Int'l, 12 Sep 2018).

According to the [PAGASA], Typhoon Mangkhut is expected to enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) around 14H00, 12 September 2018. It will be given the local name "Ompong." The strength and the size of the typhoon (700-900km wide) is expected to cause substantial damage in communities in the provinces of Apayao, Batanes, Ilocos Norte and Cagayan, and in the Babuyan Group of Islands. Around 2 million people (almost 450,000 households) live in these areas (IFRC, 12 Sep 2018).

The Government of Viet Nam is also preparing for Typhoon Mangkhut as it continues to move westward and likely to make landfall in the country between 17 and 18 Sep 2018 (AHA Centre, 13 Sep 2018).

Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named Ompong) made its landfall in Baggao, Cagayan in the early morning of 15 September and is expected to exit the [PAR] late Saturday night or early Sunday morning. The typhoon has caused landslides, damage to buildings and homes, and intermittent loss of power. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, over 58,000 people are displaced, with more than 51,000 in evacuation centres in Region I, II, III, CAR. (OCHA, 15 Sep 2018)

As of 16 September (2 a.m., Manila time), Typhoon Mangkhut...has moved towards Southern China, having exited the [PAR] at 9 p.m. on 15 September. Tropical cyclone warning signals have been lifted, although the Southwest Monsoon may still bring winds and scattered rain over the northern Luzon and Central Visayas region. More than 250,000 people (63,769 families) in 30 provinces across Regions NCR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA and CAR, are estimated to have been affected by the Typhoon...As of 10 a.m., 16 September, over 1,200 evacuation centres in Regions I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), and the National Capital Region (NCR) are currently sheltering nearly 138,000 people, while 16,000 people are staying with relatives or friends in Regions I, II, III, MIMAROPA, and CAR. (OCHA, 16 Sep 2018)

An estimated 4.6 million people are living in areas affected by the Typhoon. As of 17 September, 192,840 people are sheltering in 1,899 evacuation centres. (OCHA, 17 Sep 2018)

As of 19 September, more than one million people are affected in Region I, II, III CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, National Capital Region (NCR) and Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR). About 42 per cent of those are located in Region III, while 31 per cent are located in Region I. More than 148,000 people are displaced, with over 61,000 people seeking shelter in more than 471 evacuation centres, and more than 87,000 people staying with host families. Several affected regions continue to experience power interruptions as services are gradually being restored. The number of damaged houses continues to rise as responders reach previously isolated areas and assessment reports come in. (OCHA, 19 Sep 2018)

As of 21 September, more than 1.6 million people have reportedly been affected by Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named Ompong) which made landfall on 15 September. Regions I, II, III and CAR in northern and central Luzon are the most impacted. More than 128,000 people remain displaced, with over 54,000 people seeking shelter in more than 365 evacuation centres, and more than 74,000 people staying with host families. The Government has confirmed 23 deaths. More than 49,000 houses are reported damaged or destroyed, and over 288,000 farmers and fisherfolk severely affected. The national government estimates the total damage to infrastructure and agriculture to exceed PhP17.9 billion (US$340 million). (OCHA, 24 Sep 2018)

As of 27 September, the latest figures from the Department of Health – Cordillera Administrative Region (DOH-CAR) reported 100 deaths from Typhoon Ompong, mainly due to the landslide incident in Itogon, Benguet. There are 39 people who remain missing while 82 were reported injured and treated at the health facilities. A total of 156 local health facilities in Regions I, II and CAR were damaged due to the storm but all are still functioning and able to provide continuous health services to the affected population. (WHO, 27 Sep 2018)

To expedite the early recovery and rehabilitation phase for the affected families of Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named Ompong), the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has released the guidelines for the implementation of the Emergency Shelter Assistance (ESA) program to assist in the shelter reconstruction of typhoon survivors. The assistance program is expected to provide P30,000 to typhoon victims with totally-damaged houses, and P10,000 to families with partially-damaged houses. As of 4 October, here are 209,908 damaged houses reported in Regions I, II, III, and CAR. (Govt. of Philippines, 4 Oct 2018).

As of 6 October, more than 3 million people had been identified as affected, with over 14,000 people displaced. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council has confirmed over 70 deaths and more than 130 injured. Over 210,000 homes had been reported as damaged, of which seven per cent (more than 14,000) are completely destroyed. (OCHA, 8 Oct 2018).

As reported, a total of 469,230 people was displaced to 3,678 evacuation centers and 628,006 people displaced to other locations. Those figures have dropped significantly to 897 people still in evacuation centers in Region III, CALABARZON and CAR; while 13,924 people are still displaced in the same regions while staying with host families (IFRC, 24 Oct 2018).

Just a month after Typhoon Mangkhut, Typhoon Yutu (locally known as Rosita) made landfall as a Category-1 storm on 30 October in Dinapigue, Isabela and traversed northern Luzon in a similar path to Typhoon Mankghut. Affected communities starting to recover from Typhoon Mangkhut were again evacuated and disrupted. Local communities of Abra, Cagayan, Ifugao, Isabela and Mountain Province were affected by the repeated displacement. (OCHA, 9 Nov 2018).

Residents in northern and central Luzon are beginning to recover three months after typhoon Mangkhut (locally named Ompong) and six weeks following Typhoon Yutu (locally named Rosita) devastated the regions. According to the last report of Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) on 6 November, over 13,400 people in Region III (Central Luzon) are still staying in evacuation centres or with relatives. Meanwhile, in its 18 November report on Typhoon Yutu, DSWD noted about 1,400 people remained displaced in the Cordilleras Administrative Region, including 315 people staying in evacuation centres in Itogon and Tuba, Benguet province. To support the national and local response and early recovery efforts, the Philippines Humanitarian Country Team updated and expanded its humanitarian response and resources overview document in November to address the early recovery needs of 165,000 people through March 2019, for which it seeks US$31 million. (OCHA, 21 Dec 2018).

The Philippine Red Cross (PRC) is set to grant agricultural and livelihood assistance to 493 families affected by Typhoon Mangkhut in the municipality of Baggao in Cagayan Province. The recovery program targets farmers, as well as farm laborers and households who belong under the social vulnerability criteria. Cagayan Province is the worst hit by the typhoon with over 15,000 individuals displaced. The province also suffered at least P4.4 billion in agricultural damages. (Philippine National Red Cross, 10 Jun 2019).