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Cameroon: Cholera Outbreak - Jul 2018

Disaster types

The cholera outbreak in Cameroon, officially declared by the Ministry of Health on 15 July 2018, is steadily declining, after peaking in week 29 with 42 cases. In week 32 (week ending 12 August 2018), four new suspected cholera cases were reported, compared to 21 cases reported in week 31 and 40 cases in week 30. Three of the new cases reported during the reporting week came from Central Region and one case from North Region...Insecurity in parts of the country (especially South West Region), where there are reports of frequent kidnappings and attacks by organized group of bandits, may have implications on surveillance and response efforts. Additionally, the presence of large number of refugees (from Central African Republic and Nigeria) living in unsanitary and unhygienic conditions, and with limited access to healthcare services, is an important factor. The rainy season, which began in May, is expected to last until September and could facilitate further spread of the disease. (WHO, 10 Aug 2018)

Since the beginning of the outbreak on 18 May 2018, a total of 251 suspected cholera cases, including 20 deaths (case fatality ratio 8%), have been reported as of 3 September 2018...The cholera outbreak has remained localized to the two regions initially affected, with North Region accounting for 71% (179 cases, 19 confirmed, 19 deaths) of reported cases. Central Region reported 72 suspected and four confirmed cases, with one death. Eight (53%) of the 15 health districts in North Region and three (10%) of the 30 health districts in the Central regions have reported cholera cases. (WHO, 7 Sep 2018)