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Indonesia: Earthquakes - Jul 2018

Types de catastrophes
Tremblement de terre

A 6.4 magnitude earthquake has struck off Lombok, province of West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, at 05:47 local time, on 29 July 2018, followed by 66 aftershocks with the highest of those with a recorded magnitude of 5.7. The earthquake affected the three districts of North Lombok, East Lombok and West Lombok. According to the US Geological Survey (USGS), the quake was centred 50 kilometres northeast of the city Mataram on the northern part of Lombok island, with a depth of 10 km. Indonesia’s agency for meteorology climatology and geophysics (BMKG) indicated that there was no risk of a tsunami. The quake also impacted Mount Rinjani national park, a popular trekking destination. Access to the climbing routes are temporarily closed due to reports of a landslide around the mountain. (IFRC, 29 Jul 2018)

The West Nusa Tenggara administration declared a seven-day state of emergency. The earthquake has claimed at least 17 lives. As of 1 August, the National Disaster and Mitigation Agency (BNPB) had recorded 10,062 displaced people and 5,448 destroyed houses across Lombok, most of which are located in East Lombok regency. (Jakarta Post, 1 Aug 2018)

Assessments as well as delivery of immediate assistance which includes first aid and basic medical services are also being undertaken alongside search, rescue and recovery efforts. The Government of West Nusa Tenggara Province has issued a provincial level state of calamity to be applied for three days until 1 August 2018, and the district of Lombok until 5 August, with potential extension following the result of continuous assessment on the impact and development of the situation. BNPB has indicated that there is no request for international assistance at this stage. (IFRC, 1 Aug 2018)

More than 90 people have been killed and hundreds more have been injured in a magnitude 7.0 earthquake that took place in Lombok, Indonesia on the evening of 5 August. This second earthquake followed the 6.4 magnitude quake that struck the same area on 29 July. (IFRC, 6 Aug 2018)

As of 12 August 2018 (17.30 hrs UTC+7), National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB) and Command Post for Lombok Earthquake have verified an overall fatalities number of 392, 1,353 people injured (all levels of injuries), and 387,067 people displaced. In addition, a total of 67,875 houses damaged, along with 6 bridges, 606 schools, 3 hospitals, and 20 office buildings. (AHA Centre, 13 Aug 2018)

As of 15 August, the series of earthquakes and aftershocks in Lombok Island have caused 460 deaths, 7,733 injured and 417,259 displaced people, according to the National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB). An initial damage assessment to infrastructure reports over 72,000 houses damaged, as well as 52 health facilities, 128 religious facilities and 6 bridges damaged. (ECHO, 17 Aug 2018)

On 19 August, a 7M earthquake struck Lombok. It was preceded by a 6.3M earthquake and was followed by a number of aftershocks. The epicenter was 30km northeast of East Lombok, and was 20 km deep. As of 20 August, ten people are known to have died and 24 people have been injured. More than 150 houses have been damaged and widespread power outages have been reported. The earthquake caused a number of landslides and was felt across East Lombok, North Lombok, West Sumbawa, Sumbawa Besar, West Lombok and Mataram City, as well as Bali, East Java and Makassar. Aircraft carrying relief from Jakarta and Malang have been dispatched. Lombok has been rocked by a number of significant earthquake since the 7M quake on 5 August which killed 460 people and displaced hundreds of thousands of people. (OCHA, 20 Aug 2018)

As of 24 August, more than 390,500 people remain displaced as a result of the earthquakes. Following the earthquakes, 555 people are known to have died. More than 80,5000 houses have been damaged, while six hospitals, more than 170 health centres and 859 schools have been affected. The emergency response phase ended on 25 August, with the response transitioning to the recovery phase with the aim to restore vital infrastructure and facilities, and stimulate community-level socio-economic activities. 390,500 people displaced. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2018)

As of 1 October, according to BNPB, the four quakes during July and August killed more than 510 people, injured at least 7,100 others, and displaced more than 431,000 people with 88,740 houses and 798 public and social facilities (community health centres, mosques and schools) destroyed or damaged. In mid-September, the provincial authorities announced a six-month period of transitioning from emergency to recovery. (IFRC, 1 Oct 2018)

Regardless the fact that the IDPs have access to cook and have capacity to buy their food, the food availability for infant(younger than 1 year old) is very limited (not available in 2,031 IDPs camps with total infants 8,433). 1,796camps have no supplement for kids (total kids without supplement is 22,342), 1,948 camps have no supplement for woman in pregnancy or breastfeeding (total 2,584 woman) and breastfeeding counselor is not accessible for 10,526 breastfeeding mothers in 1,929 camps. Out of recorded IDPs camps, there are 251 camps that have not received Non Food Items relief during their displacement. The total of IDPs in those 251 camps is 30,400 people. (Govt. Indonesia, IOM, 19 Sep 2018).

According to BNPB reports, over 129,000 houses were damaged and more than 445,000 people have been internally displaced. These people are living with various types of shelters, across 2,700 camps as well as with host communities. The Government of Indonesia is leading the recovery efforts in Lombok and Sumbawa and planning to provide cash to 75,000 affected households to rebuild their homes. (IFRC, 7 Nov 2018)

As of 16 November, more than six weeks after the disaster, many needs remain. Priorities include logistics and economic recovery, medical assistance, clean water, sanitation and hygiene, recovery of infrastructure and public services, shelter, protection, including women’s and children’s protection, and education. Humanitarian response has made significant progress in reaching and serving the people in need of assistance. Regional and international agencies continue to support national efforts and leadership. NGOs, the Red Cross and the UN are on the ground augmenting the national response. (IFRC, 16 Nov 2018)

Four months on from the disaster, situation in the province continues to improve, school activities have started again, and people have started trade. Condition in some parts of the earthquake affected areas is becoming more conducive, people have started repairing their houses respectively. However, significant humanitarian needs remain. Currently PMI continues providing services to the public such as health care, psychosocial support Services, restoring family links, safe water distribution, shelters, and distribution of food and non-food Items. (IFRC, 11 Dec 2018)

As of 27 December 2018, more than 509,000 people have been affected by the earthquakes in Lombok. 515 people died, thousands of people were seriously injured or suffered from minor injuries, and over 431,000 people were displaced. Local authorities initially reported that more than 140,000 houses were damaged as a result of the earthquakes. (IFRC, 27 Dec 2018)

The result of recovery assessment conducted in Lombok during November 2018 indicated over 129,000 houses were damaged, and more than 445,000 people have been internally displaced following the earthquake. Displaced families dispersed across 2,700 small scale displacement sites in proximity of their villages, as well as with host communities. Health services were disrupted by the earthquakes resulting in over 340 damaged health facilities. The Government of Indonesia is leading the recovery efforts in Lombok and Sumbawa and planning to provide cash to 75,000 affected households to rebuild their homes. (IFRC, 14 Jan 2019)