Typhoon Melor made an initial landfall in Batag Island, Northern Samar and then tracked across southern Luzon, making five other landfalls before exiting to the sea west of the Philippines on 16 December. At its peak, Melor packed maximum sustained winds of 150 kilometres per hour (kph) and gusts of up to 185 kph, and brought heavy to intense rainfall within its 300 km diameter.
Provincial and local governments conducted pre-emptive evacuations in coastal communities and in some mountainous areas with high risk of landslides. More than 730,000 people from five regions were evacuated to evacuation centres. There were 41 confirmed deaths and over 199,850 houses were damaged – 55,400 of them completely. Most damage to houses have been in the provinces of Oriental Mindoro Northern Samar and Sorsogon. 99 classrooms were either partially or completely damaged and 35 health facilities were damaged. (IFRC, 22 Dec 2015)
As Melor dissipated, a new tropical system – Tropical Depression Twenty Three locally named "Onyok" – entered the Philippine area of responsibility (PAR) and made landfall over the municipality of Manay in Davao Oriental province, eastern Mindanao.
The IFRC launched an Emergency Appeal on 22 December to provide CHF 3.7 million in assistance to 45,000 people. (IFRC, 22 Dec 2015) On 4 March 2016, the IFRC issued a revised Emergency Appeal for CHF 2,079,515 to support the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) in delivering assistance to 45,000 people over 12 months, with a focus on the following sectors: emergency relief and shelter, recovery shelter, health, livelihoods, water and sanitation. Based on field reports, the Government-led Response Cluster stated in December that 555,667 families were affected by Typhoon Melor (IFRC, 4 Mar 2016)