Starting in September 2014, cholera cases began to increase drastically in southern Niger. Of 1,365 cases reported between the beginning of the year and 7 Oct, 739 were reported in September. Tahoua region was the most affected, with 776 cases as of 7 Oct, followed by neighboring Maradi with 353 cases. (OCHA, 14 Oct 2014)
By the end of October, the number of new cases had dropped from a peak of 246 in week 37 to 20 in week 43. The total number of cases stood at 1,666, including 59 deaths, compared to 567 cases over the same period in 2013. (UNICEF, 12 Nov 2014)
By the beginning of December, 1,750 cases, including 64 deaths, had been reported (UNICEF, 10 Dec 2014).
On 13 Dec, the Ministry of Health declared a cholera epidemic in the Diffa region, where 228 cases, including 13 deaths had been registered by 22 Dec. (OCHA, 22 Dec 2014). As of 18 Dec 2014, 96 per cent of cases (131) are within the Nigerian refugee population; and 4 per cent (six) within the host population. An IFRC DREF operation targeted 15,000 people with health and WASH interventions. (IFRC, 30 Dec 2014)
At the end of 2014, a total of 2,059 cases had been reported. In the first 10 weeks of 2015, 51 cases, including four deaths, were reported, with no new cases since week six. (UNICEF, 27 Mar 2015) In Diffa alone, a total of 561 cholera cases had been recorded from 1 Jan 2014 to 24 Feb 2015. As of the end of March, no new cases had been reported, but cholera remains a threat due to the lack of access to clean water, as well as precarious hygiene conditions. (OCHA, 31 Mar 2015)