Since the 2010 cholera epidemic which recorded 41,787 cases and 1,716 deaths, Nigeria has experienced recurrent outbreaks of cholera. In 2014, according to the Cholera Regional Platform, Nigeria was the most affected country by cholera in west and central Africa – with 35,996 cases reported, which represented 39 per cent of all cases in the region. The outbreak in Nigeria spread to neighboring countries, specifically: Chad, Cameroon and Niger. In early 2015, 13 of 36 states recorded cholera cases, with Anambra, Kano, Rivers and Ebonyi states being the worst affected; By the end of April 2015, 2,108 cases had been reported, with 97 deaths with the CFR rate rising to 4.76%, causing extreme concern. (IFRC, 01 Jan 2016).
In Maiduguri in Borno state, the Cholera Treatment Centre (CTC) was closed at the end of November, after the treatment and discharge of all remaining patients. There have been no reported new cases of cholera in IDP camps and surrounding communities as of the 1st December. (UNICEF, 01 Dec 2015).